Testers must understand the relationship between test evidence and the decisions that stakeholders must make. Testing should focus on providing the evidence that stakeholders require to make decisions with confidence.

Consequence if ignored or violated

Stakeholders regard the evidence produced by testing as irrelevant, unreliable, incomplete and not aligned with their goals.


  • What evidence do stakeholders need to make decisions with confidence?
  • How will stakeholders use that evidence?
  • How are the goals of testing articulated in plans, specifications, meetings and other communications?
  • How will we ensure that evidence is delivered as early as practical to stakeholders?
  • How will we assure the accuracy and currency of the evidence produced?
  • What preferences for format, detail, frequency, precision, accuracy exist for the evidence produced?
  • How will the evidence be transmitted, acknowledged and reviewed by stakeholders?